Historical Places in Istanbul, Galata Tower and Dolmabahce Palace
Istanbul has hosted many historical events, cultures, ideologies, traditions and diversity, and has become a bridge that connects the past and present.
People can have a variety of opportunities to face past events concretely in this city. In fact, the reason why this issue is not only drawn attention by people in Turkey but also by foreign people is that Istanbul is rich in historical structures.
Istanbul was the capital of the Roman Empire between the years of 330-395, and was the capital of the Byzantine Empire between the years of 395-1204 and 1261-1453, and was the capital of the Latin Empire between the years of 1204-1261, and was the capital of the Ottoman Empire between the years of 1453-1922. So, Istanbul is one of the oldest cities in the world. In addition, Istanbul was also the center of Islam between the years of 1517-1924. Also, the capital city history of Istanbul, which is located at the intersection of Asia and Europe, dates back to 1600 years, and by this characteristics, Istanbul is an important world city.
Istanbul is the center of the many events in the world due to geopolitical location of the city, and it is a major factor that Istanbul is known as a world city. Istanbul that has gotten famous in the world for many years, allows the transfer of these important historical events to the present day through some historical places.
Galata Tower and Dolmabahce Palace are two of these important historical monuments, and have drawn attention of many local people as well as people from foreign countries for many years.
Galata Tower and Dolmabahce Palace
Galata Tower; It is located in the Beyoglu-Galata district of Istanbul and is considered one of the oldest towers in the world. The tower which has built in the 500s years A.D., is known in the public by identifying with many different stories.
The height of the tower is 69.90 meters. The wall thickness is 3.75m. The inside diameter of the tower which has been used for different purposes by different communities for years is 8.95m, and the outside diameter of it is 16.45m. Even though there is no exact information about the weight of the tower built by masonry rubble stones in the cylindrical system, it is estimated that the weight is 10 thousand tons.
Galata Tower, which attracts the interest of people over the years, was firstly built by the Byzantine Emperor Anastasius. When the tower was built in 528, it was used as a lighthouse. The tower was largely destroyed due to Fourth Crusade, and the tower was rebuilt by Genoese in 1348 and was known as the Tower of Christ.
Galata tower, which was raised between 1445 and 1446, was heavily damaged due to an earthquake in 1500s years, and Architect Murad bin Hayreddin renovated the Tower.
When the city moved to Istanbul, Galata Tower was frequently repaired and started to be used for different purposes. For example, since the location of Galata Tower made every place visible, the Tower was used for spotting fires in the city in 1847. However, the Tower was heavily damaged due to fire and restored during the reign of Sultan Selim III. Following the destructive effects of another fire in 1831, the tower was once more restored.
In 1875, the conical roof on the top of the building was destroyed. The final restoration (in 1965-1967) was completed in two years, and provided the present appearance of the Tower.
Galata Tower is a favorite place of many local and foreign tourists, and enriches the location.
Dolmabahce Palace, which is located between Kabatas and Besiktas, is one of the most important historical places in Istanbul. The name of the Dolmabahce comes from “filled-in garden”. The bay that the vessels was been harbored began to be filled due to the decrease in the flow and this filling process was started during the reign of Sultan Ahmed I. For this reason, the palace was named as “Dolmabahce.”
Dolmabahce Palace was built by famous Armenian architect Garabet Amira Balyan and his son Nigogos Balyan during the reign of Sultan Abdulmecid I.
During the Republic Period, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk used this palace to host his guests and to carry out some his works. The most significant case of the palace in the history of Turkey is that Ataturk passed away in 1938 in this palace.
Dolmabahce Palace was opened to visit as a museum-palace from 1984.
The architecture of the palace has been created by the collection of Baroque, Rococo, Neo-Classical and Renaissance styles. The western style, which highly manifests itself in the palace, is seen as a common style of France, Germany, England and Italy. For this reason, there is no exact structure. In terms of architectural planning, Dolmabahce Palace has some parts which are compatible with the Traditional Turkish houses.
The palace has three floors and a symmetrical structure and also have 285 rooms. Additionally, the palace contains 285 rooms, 46 halls, 6 baths and 68 toilet rooms, and the foundations of the palace consisted of chestnut tree wood. Dolmabahce Palace with crystal chandeliers, inlaid columns and large, well-kept garden, has evoked admiration for many people in terms of historical significance and visual quality.